Print this page Striving to be Roman The Roman invasion of Britain was arguably the most significant event ever to happen to the British Isles.
The Augustus of Prima Porta early 1st century AD The Roman Empire was among the most powerful economic, cultural, political and military forces in the world of its time. It was one of the largest empires in world history. At its height under Trajan, it covered 5 million square kilometres.
The longevity and vast extent of the empire ensured the lasting influence of Latin and Greek language, culture, religion, inventions, architecture, philosophy, law and forms of government over the empire's descendants. Throughout the European medieval periodattempts were even made to establish successors to the Roman Empire, including the Empire of Romania, a Crusader state ; and the Holy Roman Empire.
By means of European colonialism following the Renaissanceand their descendant states, Greco-Roman and Judaeo-Christian culture was exported on a worldwide scale, playing a crucial role in the development of the modern world.
Rome had begun expanding shortly after the founding of the republic in the 6th century BC, though it did not expand outside the Italian Peninsula until the 3rd century BC.
Then, it was an "empire" long before it had an emperor. It was ruled, not by emperorsbut by annually elected magistrates Roman Consuls above all in conjunction with the senate. This was the period of the Crisis of the Roman Republic.
Towards the end of this era, in 44 BC, Julius Caesar was briefly perpetual dictator before being assassinated. In 27 BC the Senate and People of Rome made Octavian princeps "first citizen" with proconsular imperiumthus beginning the Principate the first epoch of Roman imperial history, usually dated from 27 BC to ADand gave him the name " Augustus " "the venerated".
Though the old constitutional machinery remained in place, Augustus came to predominate it. Although the republic stood in name, contemporaries of Augustus knew it was just a veil and that Augustus had all meaningful authority in Rome.
During the years of his rule, a new constitutional order emerged in part organically and in part by designso that, upon his death, this new constitutional order operated as before when Tiberius was accepted as the new emperor. The years that began with Augustus's rule is traditionally regarded as the Pax Romana "Roman Peace".
During this period, the cohesion of the empire was furthered by a degree of social stability and economic prosperity that Rome had never before experienced.
Uprisings in the provinces were infrequent, but put down "mercilessly and swiftly" when they occurred. The success of Augustus in establishing principles of dynastic succession was limited by his outliving a number of talented potential heirs.
Vespasian became the founder of the brief Flavian dynastyto be followed by the Nerva—Antonine dynasty which produced the " Five Good Emperors ": Trajan, unlike all his predecessors, was not an Italian, but came from a family of Roman settlers in Spain. But despite this gesture of universality, the Severan dynasty was tumultuous—an emperor's reign was ended routinely by his murder or execution—and, following its collapse, the Roman Empire was engulfed by the Crisis of the Third Centurya period of invasionscivil strifeeconomic disorderand plague.
Aurelian reigned — brought the empire back from the brink and stabilized it.
Diocletian completed the work of fully restoring the empire, but declined the role of princeps and became the first emperor to be addressed regularly as domine, "master" or "lord".
Diocletian's reign also brought the empire's most concerted effort against the perceived threat of Christianitythe "Great Persecution". The state of absolute monarchy that began with Diocletian endured until the fall of the Eastern Roman Empire in Even though northern invasions took place throughout the life of the Empire, this period officially began in the IV century and lasted for many centuries during which the western territory was under the dominion of foreign northern rulers, a notable one being Charlemagne.
Historically, this event marked the transition between the ancient world and the medieval ages. Diocletian divided the empire into four regions, each ruled by a separate emperorthe Tetrarchy. Order was eventually restored by Constantine the Greatwho became the first emperor to convert to Christianityand who established Constantinople as the new capital of the eastern empire.
During the decades of the Constantinian and Valentinian dynastiesthe empire was divided along an east—west axis, with dual power centres in Constantinople and Rome.
The reign of Julianwho under the influence of his adviser Mardonius attempted to restore Classical Roman and Hellenistic religiononly briefly interrupted the succession of Christian emperors. Theodosius Ithe last emperor to rule over both East and Westdied in AD after making Christianity the official religion of the empire.
It survived for almost a millennium after the fall of its Western counterpart and became the most stable Christian realm during the Middle Ages. But within a few years of Justinian's death, Byzantine possessions in Italy were greatly reduced by the Lombards who settled in the peninsula.The Byzantine Empire.
The Roman-Byzantine Period. The Byzantine Empire was the predominantly Greek-speaking continuation of the Roman Empire during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages. Place of Birth and Antecedents The Emperor Decius, whose full name as emperor was Caius Messius Quintus Trajanus Decius, was the first in the long line of Roman emperors who came from the .
The phrase "the Fall of Rome" suggests some cataclysmic event ended the Roman Empire which had stretched from the British Isles to Egypt and Iraq. But at the end, there was no straining at the gates, no barbarian horde that dispatched the Roman Empire in one fell swoop.
Rather, the Roman Empire fell.
It all started as a thought experiment on schwenkreis.com when a user posed the question: "Could I destroy the entire Roman Empire during the reign of Augustus if I traveled back in time with a modern U.S.
Marine infantry battalion or MEU?". Feb 17, · Striving to be Roman. The Roman invasion of Britain was arguably the most significant event ever to happen to the British Isles. becoming naturalised British citizens of the Roman Empire.
Byzantine Empire, the eastern half of the Roman Empire, which survived for a thousand years after the western half had crumbled into various feudal kingdoms and which finally fell to Ottoman Turkish onslaughts in