They came to regard Hegelian idealism as merely the philosophical window dressing of Prussian authoritarianism.
Internet Sources In his use of critical reasoning, by his unwavering commitment to truth, and through the vivid example of his own life, fifth-century Athenian Socrates set the standard for all subsequent Western philosophy.
Since he left no literary legacy of his own, we are dependent upon contemporary writers like Aristophanes and Xenophon for our information about his life and work. As a pupil of Archelaus during his youth, Socrates showed a great deal of interest in the scientific theories of Anaxagorasbut he later abandoned inquiries into the physical world for a dedicated investigation of the development of moral character.
Having served with some distinction as a soldier at Delium and Amphipolis during the Peloponnesian War, Socrates dabbled in the political turmoil that consumed Athens after the War, then retired from active life to work as a stonemason and to raise his children with his wife, Xanthippe.
After inheriting a modest fortune from his father, the sculptor Sophroniscus, Socrates used his marginal financial independence as an opportunity to give full-time attention to inventing the practice of philosophical dialogue.
For the rest of his life, Socrates devoted himself to free-wheeling discussion with the aristocratic young citizens of Athens, insistently questioning their unwarranted confidence in the truth of popular opinions, even though he often offered them no clear alternative teaching.
Unlike the professional Sophists of the time, Socrates pointedly declined to accept payment for his work with students, but despite or, perhaps, because of this lofty disdain for material success, many of them were fanatically loyal to him.
Their parents, however, were often displeased with his influence on their offspring, and his earlier association with opponents of the democratic regime had already made him a controversial political figure. Accepting this outcome with remarkable grace, Socrates drank hemlock and died in the company of his friends and disciples.
Our best sources of information about Socrates's philosophical views are the early dialogues of his student Platowho attempted there to provide a faithful picture of the methods and teachings of the master. Although Socrates also appears as a character in the later dialogues of Plato, these writings more often express philosophical positions Plato himself developed long after Socrates's death.
Destroying the illusion that we already comprehend the world perfectly and honestly accepting the fact of our own ignorance, Socrates believed, are vital steps toward our acquisition of genuine knowledge, by discovering universal definitions of the key concepts governing human life."Reason should be destroyed in all Christians." — Martin Luther "Whoever wants to be a Christian should tear the eyes out of his reason." — Martin Luther "Reason is the greatest enemy that faith has; it never comes to the aid of spiritual things, but more frequently than not struggles against the divine Word, treating with contempt all that emanates from God.".
Agathon. Agathon (c.
BCE) was an Athenian tragic poet and friend of Euripides and Plato. He is best known from his mention by Aristophanes (Thesmophoriazusae) and in Plato's Symposium, which describes the banquet given to celebrate his obtaining a prize for his first tragedy ().
ALEXANDER NEHAMAS. Department of Philosophy Pretty Brook Road. Virtues of Authenticity: Essays on Plato and Socrates (Princeton: Princeton University Press, ) “Meno's Paradox and Socrates as a Teacher,” Oxford Studies Ancient Philosophy, 3 (): Over on his blog Accelerating Future, Michael Anissimov has a few criticisms of our schwenkreis.com at least, a blog sharing our blog’s name; he gets so many things wrong that it seems almost as though he’s describing some other blog.
In his use of critical reasoning, by his unwavering commitment to truth, and through the vivid example of his own life, fifth-century Athenian Socrates set the standard for all subsequent Western philosophy. Rudolf Otto () Using Jakob Fries's epistemological scheme of Wissen, Glaube, and Ahndung, "Understanding, Belief, and Aesthetic Sense," (to use Kent Richter's translation), Ruldolf Otto expands the meaning of Ahndung beyond the merely aesthetic by introducing the category of numinosity, which is the quality of sacred or holy objects, persons, or experiences in religion.