As mentioned in the preface, Old Testament history clusters around two "watersheds," the Exodus from Egypt and the Exile to Babylon. All five of the books we are studying were written in Judah during what is known as the Post-Exilic Period, that is, the hundred years or so that follows the return from exile in Babylon that began about BC. Malachi, last book of the Old Testament, written about BC.
I will start with just a comment about and a very brief reading from 1 Chronicles 9 and then we will go in alphabetical order, which really means going Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi, then Ezra and Nehemiah. Adam is the first word in 1 Chronicles 1.
You have a chronicler starting the story right back with Adam. Then you come to 1 Chronicles 9, at the end of the genealogies, you are told that the people of Judah were taken captive at Babylon because of their unfaithfulness.
Then, the chronicler immediately writes about how the first resettled on their own property in their own towns were some Israelites, priests, Levites, and temple servants.
Names are mentioned of various people who had come back.
Why such an emphasis on musicians and people who were involved with the religious activities? The answer is that the chronicler is deeply concerned, writing sometime around BC, with helping people appreciate the importance of getting the temple rebuilt.
We have talked about this before; I just make this reference back again to what the chronicler is doing. The Genealogies If you would look at the genealogies in Chronicles very carefully, it does require some time, you will see that none of them goes down further than aboutBC.
Right around that time; that is when all the genealogies leave off. The chronicler gives you a genealogy from Adam to BC. Then goes back and starts around BC with Saul very quickly, and then a lot on David and Solomon; lots and lots and lots on David and Solomon.
David and Solomon had as one of their primary interests the building of the original temple. David wanted to do it; God would not let him.
Saul did do it and the chronicler tells you everything you want to know about that temple and more. Importance of Rebuilding the Temple The temple is a very, very big concern. I think we all understand that at BC the temple had lain in ruins for fifty-six years.
It wasthat great turning point year that Lamentations, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel talk about when the Babylonians destroyed Jerusalem, took Judah captive, and exiled tens of thousands of people abroad and so on.
That great year the temple was destroyed. Major problems because the temple was destroyed A lot of problems occur when the temple is destroyed. Now, you see, God still has a temple; it is us. People are His temple.
That is the way it works; that is what the New Testament teaches us. It is no longer a building; it is people. What is the purpose of a temple? The answer is that it is a place for God to inhabit, to dwell in.Exile ( to BC) -- the Jewish community lives in Babylon Post-Exilic Period ( to BC) -- rebuilding the temple and walls of Jerusalem.
Malachi, last .
Just as God had promised through the prophet Jeremiah, God judged the Babylonians for their sins, and the Babylonian Empire fell to the armies of Persia in . The official introduction of the term "high priest" went hand in hand with a greatly enhanced ritual and political significance bestowed upon the chief priest in the post-Exilic period, certainly from BCE onward, after the religious transformations brought about by the Babylonian captivity and due to the lack of a Jewish king and kingdom.
The Minor Post Exilic Prophets Essay - Before the Babylonian exile, Biblical prophesy reached its highest point. Prophets such as Jeremiah and Ezekiel changed and . After the Exile, God brings a remnant of his people back to Jerusalem to rebuild the temple and experience a true revival of faith.
This post-exilic period ( to . These are the questions faced by the post-exilic prophets Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi. In order to understand the post-exilic prophets, some historical context is necessary.
i The Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar had died in , and his death had precipitated the rapid decline of his empire.