Its ubiquity in the news and, for some of us, in our own neighborhoods has numbed us to the shock of this largely preventable condition. The following statistics offer a sobering reminder of the reality of the costs of violence—financial, human, physical and emotional.
Societal Level Strategies School violence can be prevented. Research shows that prevention efforts — by teachers, administrators, parents, community members, and even students — can reduce violence and improve the overall school environment.
No one factor in isolation causes school violence, so stopping school violence involves using multiple prevention strategies that address the many individual, relationship, community, and societal factors that influence the likelihood of violence.
Prevention efforts should ultimately reduce risk factors and promote protective factors at these multiple levels of influence.
Public health approaches focus on preventing violence before it starts and have been shown to effectively reduce school and youth violence. One strategy for addressing these individual risks are universal, school-based violence prevention programs, which have been proven to reduce rates of aggression and violent behavior among students.
Several strategies to enhance these relationships have been found to be effective in reducing violence. Some school-based programs also help students know how to appropriately and safely intervene to stop an escalating violent episode between peers.
Many school-based programs and policies are also effective in helping teachers build healthy relationships, model nonviolent attitudes and behaviors, and contribute to a broader positive school climate, which in turn lowers the risk for school violence.
Prevention approaches that involve the family, especially those that start early, can have substantial, long-term effects in reducing violent behavior.
Schools can take numerous steps to improve school connectedness in order to promote learning and to reduce negative outcomes, such as violence. In addition to the social environment of a school, research suggests that the physical environment can influence fear and safety.
The characteristics of the community surrounding schools also influence the likelihood of school violence. By making changes in communities, school violence can decrease.
Some effective community level strategies include providing youth with more structured and supervised afterschool opportunities, such as mentoring programs or recreational activities, in order to increase monitoring and healthy skill development of youth. By creating the conditions and systems to put evidence-based violence prevention approaches in place, violence experienced by school-aged youth can be decreased.
Addressing social norms about the acceptability of violence in schools and ensuring that educational systems promote strong educational growth for all students are additional strategies.
Impacts of metal detector use in schools: Journal of School Health ;81 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The effectiveness of universal school-based programs for the prevention of violent and aggressive behavior: A systematic meta-review of evaluations of youth violence prevention programs: Common and divergent findings from 25 years of meta-analyses and systematic reviews.
Aggression and Violent Behavior ; 17 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Department of Health and Human Services; Using environmental design to prevent school violence [cited Apr 10].Violence in schools is a pervasive problem and one that requires greater attention from educators, policy makers, and researchers.
This review will examine the prevalence and evolution of school violence as well as the risk factors for students, families, and schools.
California schools have been active in gang prevention for many years. In an attempt to keep gang problems under control, school programs focus on identifying gang members, removing graffiti, resolving potential conflicts among gang members, and providing parents with information on gangs.
Schools should have a crisis plan in place as a means for ensuring the safety of students.
Typically, a crisis plan will address a zero-tolerance policy with regards to weapons. Causes of School Violence School violence is a many-faceted problem, making it difficult for researchers and practitioners to pinpoint its causes.
Many school violence statistics, for example, do not match the norms in our larger society. Causes for School Violence There is no clear-cut reason or cause for school violence.
However, there are factors that can increase a student's likelihood to commit a type of school crime. I have read literally hundreds of news reports of schools being accused of doing nothing or "not enough" to make the bullying stop, while the schools insist that they were following protocol.