The Impact of Stereotypes on Self and Others There is ample evidence to suggest that negative expectations and stereotypes about the competence of older adults pervade Western culture e. For example, older adults are characterized as more forgetful and less able to learn new information e. In addition, young and old people alike believe that there is general memory decline across the latter half of the life span Lineweaver and Hertzog, ; Ryan, ; Ryan and Kwong See,
SHARE When we think of the problems that stereotypes cause, we typically focus on negative characteristics associated with groups.
I leave those interactions frustrated and angry. Presumably, though, there are positive stereotypes as well. In the United States, there are cultural stereotypes that Asians are good at math and that Women are nurturing.
If hearing a negative stereotype Negative aspects of stereotype your group gets you upset, does hearing a positive stereotype have the opposite effect?
In one study, Asian Americans were brought to the lab where they engaged in a task along with a White participant who was actually one of the experimenters posing as a participant. In the experiment, each participant was going to fill out a packet. One packet had math problems in it, while the other had verbal problems in it.
After a rigged coin flip to make the selection process appear random, the White participant was chosen to select who would fill out each packet. Positive stereotypes did not make people feel good.
When the White participant used a positive stereotype, the Asian participant liked them less and felt more depersonalized. The positive stereotype also made the participants angry.
Statistically, the amount of depersonalization they felt explained the amount of dislike they felt for their partner. Other studies in this series demonstrated a similar effect with women who were told that they were nurturing or cooperative because of their gender.
These studies also ruled out some other explanations like the possibility that Asian Americans react negatively to the positive stereotype because it does not acknowledge that they are both Asians and Americans.
Across all of the studies done in this paper, a positive stereotype made people feel less like an individual. Under some circumstances, though, this did not cause people to dislike the person who used the stereotype. In one study, Asian American participants were primed to think of themselves either in independent or interdependent terms.
The independent prime asked people to think about ways that they were different from family and friends. The interdependent prime asked people to think about ways that they were similar to family and friends. After this primingparticipants were exposed either to a positive stereotype in this case that Asians are hard working or to no stereotype.
Participants rated how much they liked the speaker as well as whether they felt depersonalized. As in the other studies, hearing a positive stereotype led to greater feelings of being depersonalized for everyone in the study.
However, only the people with primed to think of themselves in independent terms strongly disliked the speaker. Those primed to think of themselves in interdependent terms did not dislike the speaker significantly more after hearing a positive stereotype compared to no stereotype.
What is going on here? Stereotypes of all kinds lump an individual into a group. When you find a stereotype applied to you, it removes some of your individuality. That happens whether the stereotype used was positive or negative. It is frustrating to realize that someone views you just as a member of a group and not as an individual.
And in many situations, that leads you to dislike the person who made the comment. It is fascinating, though, that when you feel more interconnected with others as you do when you are primed to think of yourself in interdependent termsthe depersonalization caused by hearing a stereotype aimed at you does not lead to the same dislike of the speaker.
Finally, I suspect there is an additional factor at play in these studies. When someone uses a positive stereotype to judge you, it is reasonable to assume that it is only a matter of time until they apply negative stereotypes as well. That is, you are making a judgment that the person you are talking to uses stereotypes to make judgments.
The studies in this series did find that depersonalization explained the negative effects of positive stereotypes above-and-beyond the judgment that the speaker was racist. But, the judgment that the speaker was racist and used stereotypes to judge people also contributed to the effects.
Follow me on Twitter.Stereotype threat occurs when people are aware of a negative stereotype about their social group and experience anxiety or concern that they might confirm the stereotype. Stereotype threat has been shown to undermine performance in a variety of domains.
The damage from negative stereotypes is real and long-lasting, and related to the depletion of limited self resources, a new study finds.
Apr 15, · This shows that feminism still has a negative connotation and most are scared to endorse feminism despite some of the positive aspects it entails. One last stereotype that seems highly unfortunate is that of senior citizens.
Stereotype threat research suggests that such differences could stem from the mere existence of social stereotypes and not from group differences in actual ability.
Stereotype Threat Awareness. This raises another question: what can be done to reduce or even eliminate the pernicious effects of negative stereotype on test performance. Jul 20, · The Negative In Positive Stereotypes: Cosmos And Culture While negative stereotypes are obviously harmful, new research shows that positive stereotypes — like assuming blanket qualities.
Negative Consequences Of Gender Role Stereotyping Sociology Essay. Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, The purpose of this paper is to establish a research in order to identify the negative consequences of gender stereotypes.
Negative Consequences of Gender Role Stereotyping.