TWM is proud to announce that it has acquired the rights to interviews of two women who participated in the Suffrage Movement: Giving students the opportunity to read firsthand accounts of what life was like for girls and women in the late 19th and early 20th centuries will be an excellent supplement to any American History class. The files containing the interviews are large and take a few minutes to load. Students may also want to read Conversations with Alice Paul:
|MLA Formatting and Style Guide||When Jennie was two, her mother, Sarah, died whilst giving birth to her ninth child. As a result, Addams formed a significant bond with her father, John, who was a successful mill owner and politician.|
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In contemporary usage, the term white supremacist has been used to describe some groups espousing ultranationalist, racistor fascist doctrines. White supremacist groups often have relied on violence to achieve their goals.
From the 19th to the midth century the doctrine of white supremacy was largely taken for granted by political leaders and social scientists in Europe and the United States. Several attempts were made to give white supremacy a scientific footing, as various institutes and renowned scientists published findings asserting the biological superiority of whites.
Those ideas were bolstered in the early 20th century by the new science of intelligence testingwhich purported to show major differences in intelligence between the races.
In such tests northern Europeans always scored higher than Africans. In the United States—especially in the South—in the era of slavery and during the subsequent Jim Crow period of legal racial segregationwhite supremacy enjoyed broad political support, as it did in contemporary European colonial regimes.
The doctrine was especially associated with violent groups such as the Ku Klux Klan KKKwhich enjoyed some success in the United States particularly in the sthough many nonviolent individuals and groups also believed fervently in white supremacist ideas. By the mids, however, overtly racist doctrines fell into deep disfavour across much of the Western world, a development that was hastened by both desegregation see racial segregation and decolonization.
As a result of hostility among some American whites toward the American civil rights movementcivil rights legislation, especially the Civil Rights Act and the Voting Rights Actand Supreme Court decisions that invalidated many racially discriminatory laws, especially Brown v. White supremacists, as well as many social conservativeswere troubled by the U.
Their resentment contributed to the growth of various groups and movements that actively preached white supremacy, including the traditional KKK, various neo-Nazi organizations, and the religious Christian Identity groups.
Indeed, by the second half of the 20th century, the Christian Identity movement—which claimed that northwestern Europeans were directly descended from the biblical tribes of Israel and that the impending Armageddon will produce a final battle of whites against nonwhites—was the dominant religious viewpoint of white supremacists in the United States.
Nevertheless, white supremacists in the United States and throughout the world ultimately were unable to defend the laws that ensured white domination. The last regimes to institutionalize doctrines of white supremacy through comprehensive legislation were Rhodesiawhich changed its name to Zimbabwe after its white minority finally ceded power inand South Africawhose apartheid system was dismantled in the s.
Despite the demise of segregationist and discriminatory laws throughout the Western world and in Africa, white supremacy has survived as a populist doctrine. Department of Homeland Security and the Federal Bureau of Investigation FBI warned that white supremacist groups and right-wing militias in the country were winning new recruits by stoking fears of gun control and expanded welfare rolls and by exploiting resentment created by the economic recession that began in late Some observers of the movements, however, were skeptical of those claims.
In early the presidential campaign of the real-estate developer Donald J.Hundreds of U.S. history lesson plans and resources for K teachers. Teach with documents using our online tool. Locate teachable primary sources. Find new and favorite lessons, and create your own activities for your students.
Women's suffrage succeeded in the West for reasons as diverse as the people and places of the West itself. —From This Shall Be the Land for Women on the EDSITEment resource Women of the West Museum. The 19th Amendment, granting suffrage to women, was approved by Congress in The Purdue University Online Writing Lab serves writers from around the world and the Purdue University Writing Lab helps writers on Purdue's campus.
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Jane Addams (—) Jane Addams was an activist and prolific writer in the American Pragmatist tradition who became a nationally recognized leader of Progressivism in the United States as well as an internationally renowned peace .