An analysis of the relationship between feminism and female sexuality and the research on it during

It argues that men and women are essentially the same because they both possess the capacity to reason, and therefore equal opportunities and treatment should be the norm. Political action, changing social conventions, and the ways in which children are socialized are key to achieving this equality. Critiques of liberal feminism are that it downplays gender differences, equal opportunities do not mean equal outcomes, and it is too heavily focused on the public sphere in equality. Liberal Feminism 3 Kinds In Feminism!

An analysis of the relationship between feminism and female sexuality and the research on it during

An analysis of the relationship between feminism and female sexuality and the research on it during

The main feminist motivation for making this distinction was to counter biological determinism or the view that biology is destiny. A typical example of a biological determinist view is that of Geddes and Thompson who, inargued that social, psychological and behavioural traits were caused by metabolic state.

It would be inappropriate to grant women political rights, as they are simply not suited to have those rights; it would also be futile since women due to their biology would simply not be interested in exercising their political rights.

To counter this kind of biological determinism, feminists have argued that behavioural and psychological differences have social, rather than biological, causes. Commonly observed behavioural traits associated with women and men, then, are not caused by anatomy or chromosomes.

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Rather, they are culturally learned or acquired. Although biological determinism of the kind endorsed by Geddes and Thompson is nowadays uncommon, the idea that behavioural and psychological differences between women and men have biological causes has not disappeared.

In the s, sex differences were used to argue that women should not become airline pilots since they will be hormonally unstable once a month and, therefore, unable to perform their duties as well as men Rogers More recently, differences in male and female brains have been said to explain behavioural differences; in particular, the anatomy of corpus callosum, a bundle of nerves that connects the right and left cerebral hemispheres, is thought to be responsible for various psychological and behavioural differences.

Anne Fausto-Sterling has questioned the idea that differences in corpus callosums cause behavioural and psychological differences. First, the corpus callosum is a highly variable piece of anatomy; as a result, generalisations about its size, shape and thickness that hold for women and men in general should be viewed with caution.

Relationship between Gender Roles and Sexual Assertiveness in Married Women

Second, differences in adult human corpus callosums are not found in infants; this may suggest that physical brain differences actually develop as responses to differential treatment. Fausto-Sterling b, chapter 5.

Psychologists writing on transsexuality were the first to employ gender terminology in this sense. Along with psychologists like Stoller, feminists found it useful to distinguish sex and gender. This enabled them to argue that many differences between women and men were socially produced and, therefore, changeable.

That is, according to this interpretation, all humans are either male or female; their sex is fixed. But cultures interpret sexed bodies differently and project different norms on those bodies thereby creating feminine and masculine persons. Distinguishing sex and gender, however, also enables the two to come apart: So, this group of feminist arguments against biological determinism suggested that gender differences result from cultural practices and social expectations.

Nowadays it is more common to denote this by saying that gender is socially constructed. But which social practices construct gender, what social construction is and what being of a certain gender amounts to are major feminist controversies.

There is no consensus on these issues.

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See the entry on intersections between analytic and continental feminism for more on different ways to understand gender.

Masculinity and femininity are thought to be products of nurture or how individuals are brought up. They are causally constructed Haslanger And the mechanism of construction is social learning. That is, feminists should aim to diminish the influence of socialisation.

Social learning theorists hold that a huge array of different influences socialise us as women and men. This being the case, it is extremely difficult to counter gender socialisation. For instance, parents often unconsciously treat their female and male children differently.

When parents have been asked to describe their hour old infants, they have done so using gender-stereotypic language: Some socialisation is more overt: This, again, makes countering gender socialisation difficult.

According to Renzetti and Curran, parents labelled the overwhelming majority of gender-neutral characters masculine whereas those characters that fit feminine gender stereotypes for instance, by being helpful and caring were labelled feminineThe focus of this class will be the relationship between gender and genre, on how various literary forms popular during the eighteenth century (conduct literature, drama, .

The relationship between feminist legal studies and the field of LGS needs to be considered on the level of research, teaching and policy making. Across all three levels the language of gender and sexuality has become the dominant discourse.

Courses for Spring | Gender, Sexuality, and Women's Studies

According to research by Eagly and Steffen (), who examined the relationship between gender differences in aggression and normative expectations for male and female aggression, A) the greatest male-female differences in aggression occurred in studies using behaviors where expectations and norms for males and females were most different.

During the last twenty years feminist research into the history of sexuality has made important contributions to the theoretical understanding of the relationship between sexuality and male power.

Feminist views on sexuality widely vary. Many feminists, particularly radical feminists, During the time of the sex wars, and that bisexual women who pursue relationships with men were "deluded and desperate." However, tensions between bisexual feminists and lesbian feminists have eased since the s, as bisexual women have become.

This reinterpretation of the history of the relationship between Sandinismo and feminism offers a different explanation of the gender and sexual politics during the s as well as today, challenging the narrative of radical change in the current Sandinista politics.

Intersectionality - Wikipedia